Contaminated Land: On Developing Land in an Environmentally Sustainable Way

Waste on LandContaminated land can have serious consequences on land owners and general public health. For land owners, a contaminated site limits the use of the land and reduces its potential land value. For residents, exposure to a polluted environment could have an impact on their health.

Fortunately, companies such as Cato Bolam Consultants have experience in contaminated land remediation. The aim is to eliminate the possible risks to human health and the environment while transforming the plane into one where a project can start. By embracing more environmentally sustainable ways of conducting business, contaminated land can be an issue of the past.

What is Contaminated Land?

The Resource Management Act defines contaminated land as land that contains hazardous substances. Contamination usually happens when facilities or residential properties fail to dispose of toxic materials properly. Contamination has far-reaching effects since it is rarely concentrated in a certain area — in fact, improperly disposed of substances could end up in waterways or seep into the soil through groundwater.

Land Contamination due to Agriculture and Improper Waste Disposal

Studies show that there are about 20,000 sites contaminated with heavy metals, arsenic, pesticides and other hazardous substances. Previous farming practices during the 1950s were one of the biggest contributors to land contamination. Back then, farmers used dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, a chemical compound known for its adverse environmental impact, as a pesticide. Additionally, activities such as sheep dipping, historic mining, timber treatment, and the storage and use of petroleum products all had their part in causing soil contamination.

Managing Contaminants in Soil to Protect Human Health

Regional councils have made it a point to monitor land where hazardous activities have taken place since 2008 and add them to a register. Additionally, the Ministry for the Environment has created a National Environmental Standard to make the process of managing contaminated land a lot easier. As a result, environmental agencies have been able to strictly regulate the use of soil contaminants.

Contaminated land raises the issue of improper waste disposal. Simply following established guidelines for proper waste disposal makes the country a cleaner and greener place to live in.

The Role of Commercial Divers: When is Deep “Deep”?

Commercial DiversOften mistaken as having the same abilities as a scuba diver, commercial offshore divers know more than the basics of diving. They’re not your average diver.

For instance, an entry-level commercial diver requires additional training before they can assist underwater construction services. Uccdive.com added that they have to use different types of diving gears, several types of materials, and plenty of skills to carry out certain duties.

The Dynamic Role

Commercial divers inspect and repair services in offshore oil. For both offshore and inshore services, they are necessary for the fitting of power plant outfall and intake pipes, in harbor construction, and in pipe pulls. These divers need thorough experience and training to ensure that underwater facilities are on stream even if it is through underwater welding, security of a platform, or recovery of a vessel.

Like anyone who spends a long time underwater, the U.S. Department of Labor says commercial divers are at risk of hypothermia, respiratory and circulatory problems, and drowning.

The Deepest “Deep”

Marianas Trench has the depth of 11,033 meters below sea level and is the deepest place among all oceans. It lies north of Guam in the Pacific Ocean running for 2,550 km below the waters lying between Japan and Australia. The only known person who has ever reached the depths was the explorer and movie director James Cameron using a manned craft.

Cameron constructed a 24-foot submersible vehicle for the dive, calling it the Deepsea Challenger. He describes it as a long, green torpedo that vertically maneuvers through the water. Equipped with nine and a half inches thick window, he was able to watch his descent and view the remarkable species on the ocean floor.

The new technology and vehicles today enable mankind to investigate more on the mysteries that lie in the deepest ocean floors. Someday soon, this capacity will be able to benefit commercial divers in their work.

Plumbing Maintenance: Prevent Water, Drain and Heating Problems

Plumbing SystemPlumbing, in some form or another, has been around for centuries. As time passes, the skills and knowledge of humans about it has evolved and today, many countries have sewage and sanitation systems.

Households across the world mostly have their own plumbing system. Plumbing is vital to life in an urban setting to ensure that the population remains healthy. Of course, everyone today needs clean water to drink, which is primarily brought to homes by pipelines. On the other hand, wastes are also discarded and flushed out of the houses and out of the town as well.

With all these benefits, it’s important to take note that plumbing maintenance is really important. Here’s why:

Drainage and Sewage Lines are Improved

Regular plumbing maintenance would help improve your drainage and sewage lines, avoiding sudden problems and leaks. Denver plumbing service companies are well-versed with the know-hows of the plumbing system including pipelines. Hiring plumbers would ensure that your system is maintained and serviced.

Prevents Breakage and Leakage

When your plumbing system is regularly serviced, sudden breakage and leakage are prevented. This is because your plumber will make sure all pipelines are at their top shape, there are no corrosions and all defective pieces are repaired or replaced.

Plumbers are Well-Versed With Pipelines and Plumbing System

Sometimes, it’s good to do-it-yourself, but for complicated tasks like maintaining your plumbing system, it’s better to trust those who are trained, skilled and knowledgeable. They understand the entire network of pipes, eliminating errors and breakage.

There is no doubt that plumbing has evolved over the past century, and in the process, it has grown in complexity too. Though these complicated systems make life easier, when they bug down, it would be difficult to repair. That’s why plumbers are trained and skilled on their line of work and it’s recommended to hire experienced ones to do the job. This will ensure that the system will be fixed because the plumbing system requires the kind of care that only professionals can provide.

3 Ways to Make a Small Room Look Bigger

Maximising Space in your Home

There are many reasons why people would choose to live in smaller homes with small rooms. Sometimes, it’s due to the rising cost of real estate. Others would just prefer the ease of maintaining a small space compared to a sprawling home.

That said, a small space doesn’t have to be restricting. In fact, a small space doesn’t even have to look small. Here are three tips to add some visual space in your small room.

Edit your space

It’s simple. If it doesn’t serve a purpose, it has no room in your space. Take out everything that’s just taking space, but doesn’t really have a function. Of course, it’s easy to justify keeping all your stuff. A good rule to follow that will help make the decision-making easier is to dispose of everything you haven’t used for a year.

Glass windows

Opt to install glass windows instead of blinds or jalousie. Especially around Auckland, United Glass believes that glass windows help bring some of the city’s charm in your home. If you’re living in a green neighbourhood, having large windows is a great way to bring outside colours into your space. This also lets in natural light which helps make your room look more spacious. Getting a bit of sunlight helps your overall health as well.

Leave some empty storage

If you really like filling up shelves with trinkets, you don’t have to get rid of them all just to make your room look bigger. A great technique is to leave some of the shelving empty. This creates an illusion of more space. Not filling up every shelf in the room or even leaving some of them half empty helps make the room look airy and uncluttered.

Living in a small space doesn’t mean you have to live with bumping into furniture 24/7 or having to deal with a stressful, cluttered room. If you’re wise about arranging and designing the space, you won’t even feel like your space is small at all.

Making Property Transactions Faster: Title Agencies

Title Agency in New JerseyBe clear of any legalities and debts in purchasing properties when you enlist the help of a title agency, which makes sure that your transactions are smooth and easy.

Purchasing a home is not a decision that you make overnight, and neither is the process of obtaining a title. The practice entails long and detailed procedures that are not purely business, but also legal in nature, explains an expert from Town Title Agency. As they ensure that the purchase goes smoothly and without any problem, title agencies in New Jersey have become popular.

What is a title agency?

As the name states, title agencies confirm that the land you’re about to purchase is legally cleared and is available to be sold and purchased. A title agency is also essential in completing the processes of purchasing homes or any property because it makes sure that all parties are involved, from the transaction to the processing of needed documents.

In addition to holding licenses, many title agents are also equipped with years of experience in their field. These agents handle all the research on the history of the property, taxes involved, mortgages made and all other legalities involved, before helping you sign the transfer of ownership to your name.

How can it help you?

A title agency offers various services that can make your purchase easier and less of a hassle than if you were to do the transaction on your own. The agents can collect money from the mortgage and pay the purchase for you, as well as present and file the necessary papers on your behalf, among other things.

Title agencies can help you complete safer and faster transactions. In New Jersey alone, there are numerous licensed and certified title agencies that can help you. Have a trustworthy and professional agent to assist you, and you will have a smooth title purchase.

Four Ingredients to Include in Your Chicken Feed to Produce Delicious Eggs

Chicken EggsGetting the best eggs on your table could be attributed to one key factor: using the right chicken feed. With the right mix of ingredients, your chook can produce eggs with great taste, colour and quality.

Chicken eggs are a staple in most diets. They are versatile and accessible. Aside from the breed type and how the chickens are raised, using the right blend could determine the outcome of the eggs.

For chooks to produce great tasting eggs with healthy yellow yolks and consistent whites, consider certain factors when purchasing their chow.

Plenty of Protein

Chickens are omnivores, which means they eat both animal and plant base food. Give them the right amount of protein they need for their own bodily needs. There should be enough protein for their egg production. On average, Livestrong.com says eggs are composed of six grams of protein; three grams go to the yolk and the remaining on the white part.

Ingredients like worms and bugs are the ideal sources. You can also use fish meat. Takaninifeeds.co.nz mentions soya meal as another source of protein, especially for hens.

Mix in the Greens

Aside from protein, eggs are also composed of nutrients, which could be incorporated by including vegetables in the feed. The mix could include lettuce, kale or any kitchen vegetable leftovers.

Easy on the Carbs

To give the eggs its richness, add carb sources like dried corn to the feed. However, carbs tend to make the chicken eat less of the food that matters, like the protein sources and greens, so keep this in moderation.

Water

Even if chickens receive the most appetising feeds, they may not eat as much if it's not served with fresh water. Hens that are about to lay eggs tend to drink plenty of water to help with the process.

Each farmer has their own mix of feed for their chook. To get the best eggs served in your kitchen, be mindful of what you feed your chickens.

When a Fire Alarm Blares, It’s Time to RUN Slowly and Carefully

Fire Alarm SystemFire alarms are among the most crucial safety measures a home or any establishment can have.

According to Alarm-One Security Systems, compared to any other safety installations, fire alarms are the fastest to detect any incoming danger. Whenever you think of an alarm shooting off, it’s always “fire” in the minds of the people.

But, with the many manufacturers of fire alarms today, it’s very risky to just choose any fire alarm you find. Because the only time you’ll know it works for sure is the time when accidents happen – and that’s not a good thing.

For your safety and peace of mind, below is a list of fire statistics, causes of failed alarms, and preventive measures you can enforce now.

Effectiveness of Smoke or Fire Alarms

Based on the recently tabulated data from the National fire Protection Association (NFPA), about 96% of households already have at least one smoke alarm. In effect, it’s been clearly observed that smoke alarms cut the risk of fatalities in reported home fires by half. Those who don’t have a smoke alarm yet constituted 38% of home fire deaths nationwide.

Common Fire Causes

In any household, cooking or the cases of exposed burners are the leading cause of home fires and injuries. The unfortunate individuals who manage to hide and escape from the actual fire die by suffocation due to smoke inhalation. HVAC and other electrical failures are the secondary causes of residential fires.

The Reality of Failed Alarms

Despite the unique technology found in most modern fire and smoke detection systems, many families still experience losing their homes. Furthermore, according to the data gathered by the NFPA, home alarm failures originate from the following improper use:

  • Wrong installation or placement
  • Defective unit
  • Lack of maintenance
  • Power failure for hardwired systems
  • Unknown reasons
  • Dead or discharged units
  • Missing or disconnected batteries

When looking at home safety, it’s important to consider both the internal and external factors. In the case of home fires, a simple checkup or testing of the fire alarm system can go a long way.

3 Ways to Successfully Train Your Animals

Effective Animal TrainingAnimals can only be trained to do what they are physically capable of doing. In order to train your animal, you need to know its behavior and its capabilities. Animal behaviors are usually simple survival adaptations. Some behaviors such as eating and escaping predators are the obvious survival strategies for many animals. When you are training animals, they need special equipment for training and handling them. To get the best animal training and care equipment, you can visit notable stores for high-quality wild rags in fabrics like silk, and certified training equipment.

Here are some basic animal training tips. 

Animal operant conditioning

Animal operant conditioning is the basis of any animal training. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which the strength of a behavior is modified. The animal learns from its behavior as it acts them on the environment where it is. The likelihood of a behavior is decreased or increased by the consequences that flow. When an animal performs a particular behavior that produces a favorable consequence, it’s likely to repeat it more often.

Positive reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is important because it reinforces or strengthens a particular behavior. When a positive stimulus immediately follows a behavior, there are high chances that the behavior will be repeated in the near future. Food is the most common form of positive reinforcement in animal training. If a certain behavior allows an animal to get food faster, it will repeat that behavior the next time it is hungry. Reinforcements should be done at fixed intervals and ratios.

Behavior extinction

If a behavior is not strengthened, with time it decreases and eventually it is extinguished. The extinction technique is used to eliminate undesirable behaviors in animals. When using the extinction technique, it is important to identify what stimulus is reinforcing for an animal in order not to use them for undesirable characters.

Animals are different species with people and as such they have their own special needs. Therefore, some animal training will help you to communicate easily with them.

The Fogged Up Reality of Insulated Glass and Ways to Turn it Around

Insulated Glass in IndianapolisNo, glass doesn’t come from water, and it’s not a solid material either.

If you look closely at one of its edges, you’ll notice that it’s actually sand. Ever since its discovery and mass production, glass made it possible for people to build homes and objects that are both private and transparent.

In fact, with the many variations of this material, it’s difficult to find a place without glasses today. According to Suburban Glass Service, Inc., an Indianapolis-based window service provider, there are also varieties of glass like insulated glass units (IGUs) that can act as a wall.

The G Factor in IGUs

Insulated glass consists of two glass panes separated by a space filled with dehydrated air or special gas.

The area surrounding the glass makes it possible to completely shut off air from either side of the wall; thus, preserving the temperature of both the inside and outside of any building structure. But, one of the toughest challenges of using an insulated glass unit is the occurrence of fogging or clouding over time. When enough moisture accumulates inside the gap, the foggy appearance sets in.

Clearing up IGUs from the Inside Out

It’s no surprise that IGUs cost way more than a regular glass pane. When it comes to broken glass, leaks, clouds, and fogs, it still costs way beyond your average repair.

But, unlike regular glass panes which can often get resolved by simple do-it-yourself remedies, an IGU requires professional care every time. If you happen to notice the following in your IGU units, as a rule of thumb, call your window service provider.

  • Mold
  • Mildews
  • Patches
  • Any sign of condensation
What You Can Do

To help lessen your burden and costs, you can single out IGUs that are causing trouble by disassembling them before the moisture develops in other areas. Depending on the damage, your windows service provider may repair your unit or ask you to replace a specific glass pane.

Glass may appear as fragile materials. But, same as how everything goes, there’s always strength in numbers.

English Only, Please? Thailand and the Struggle with English

 English TeacherAn English teacher in Thailand recently wrote of his experience teaching in one of the government’s secondary schools. In a guest post on a website for English teachers in Thailand, Tony Mitchell expressed his concern on the country’s struggle with using English as a medium of instruction.

While the awareness is overflowing, it still begs the question: with all the available resources and extra effort, why is Thailand still so far down the ladder?

The Bangkok Post readers also expressed opinions similar to Mitchell’s sentiments. The country’s English barrier prevents them from actively competing in the ASEAN community, which uses English as the official medium.

Thailand offers a lot of potential in global competitiveness. But lagging behind in English will keep them from achieving this advantage. For GeoVisions.org, an organization of English tutors abroad, it’s important to address the issue now before it’s too late.

A Flawed System?

According to Mitchell, Thai teachers do not teach their students the language. He believes that the government-funded education system in Thailand focuses too much on the teachers and encourages students to just copy information from blackboards or handouts.

Some teachers do not question the system and simply go with the flow. As a result, when students take tests, they answer what they can remember, not what they know. Since there seems to be no difference between these two, the same concept applies in learning English.

Wanted: More English Teachers

A number of studies suggest that English proficiency is the key to a stronger economy. A research commissioned by the British Council reported that developing nations with modern English competency attracts more investments from the US and the UK. Since Thailand has the potential, it’s hard to let these go to waste because of a language barrier.

Fortunately, English teachers from other countries are available to assist. While depending on native teachers is important, having additional reinforcements offers more resources to stabilize the learning system.

Qualified English teachers make a direct contribution to a country’s economy. By helping students perfect the language, they equip them for global competitiveness. At the same time, they also pave the way for more foreign investments.

Thailand has yet to learn more when it comes to the English language. Mitchell hopes that the government will nurture young talent to give the country the global edge it needs.