Horticulture is the art of plant cultivation for gardens and parks, but most people treat it only as a hobby or a non-essential profession. In fact, horticulture at its core is an intensive science focused on advancing technologies and business tactics to deliver the desired effects. It’s a profession achievable at the individual grassroots level up to the multinational corporation level.
Underrated as horticulture is, though, not many people even recognise the fine art of one of its disciplines, floriculture. Floriculture is concerned specifically with the cultivation of flowers for both practical and aesthetic purposes. Ornamental floristry and flower breed development are the two most familiar manifestations of floriculture.
Floriculture uses a specialised but limited number of gardening supplies dependent on geographic location more than actual knowledge and specialisation in the field. The reason is that many florists try to keep their houses stocked with flowers native to the climate they’re working in, to ensure longer flower life. For example, florists in the northern parts of Europe will be more disposed to handling roses, willow herbs and bellflowers, as they are the most acclimated to the area. Geraniums, bougainvillea, and bluebells, on the other hand, are a more common sight in Italian flower shops.
Don’t think, however, that florists can’t work with plants foreign to the climactic region. Transportation logistics and modern greenhouse technology allow floriculturists to work with virtually any plant on the planet. But, the native choices are more for the benefit of clients and customers not be able to handle the added care foreign species require to survive.
In the UK, gardening supplies are geared towards dealing with low-lying plant species, as they are the most common variety in the country. In fact, the most famous English plants grow mostly from bushes, making anything significantly larger than pruning shears impractical and virtually useless.
Tools aren’t limited to cutting implements, however; compost, landscape bales, and stable fertilizers are also classified as tools in horticulture and by extension, floriculture as well.
Florists do more than arrange flowers to make something look prettier. Every professional takes climate assignment and breed development of the plants into serious account. Floriculture is serious business and not everybody makes the cut.