Diving: Guide for Beginners

SnorkelingScuba, short for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus, is a breakthrough device that made mankind explore the bigger part of Earth – water. More than the device itself, it is a term used to name a nerve-wracking sport that may make you or break you.

Is scuba for you? Before you ride on the glitch in your instinct that wants to make you head down to the oceans and spend a huge amount which you might regret later on, ask yourself if your body can handle scuba more than your mind insists. Being in underwater is a scary place way beyond your comfort. Try milder water activities like snorkeling first. If it fits you, then scuba diving might be within reach.

Can your body handle it? Your mind is invincible but it takes a healthy human body to accomplish a worthy scuba diving experience. Sinus and breathing problems may compromise the whole exciting adventure thing or worst, may compromise your life. Going under the sea is not the typical environment a body can handle. Pressure, equilibrium, and nitrogen levels may affect the whole experience. A healthy body is a must.

Safety Reminder. Apart from the cardinal rule of not diving alone, being a conservative diver can help you overcome your first diving experience. Being cautious at all times and keeping constant contact with your instructor is a matter concerning life and death. The open water of uncertainty may prompt that anxiety attack boggling you, but having the presence of mind is key to maintaining good breathing rhythm. Panic breathing may cause harm to your lungs.

Physiological Considerations. More than all the mind setting involved in dive training, physical reminders are also important. Things such as equalizing sinus pressure by pressing your nose from the outside of the mask for every 3 feet you descend is an important thing to keep your lungs healthy. When it’s time to go up, do not be in a hurry, take your time and keep in mind not to ascend faster than the bubbles you exhale to keep the nitrogen level in your blood at an acceptable range.

Depending on the time of the year, you can narrow down your choices. If it’s around summer time, take advantage of the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Good diving spots can also be located around California, although the temperature stays cold year round, you can taper that with some dry suit for optimal thermal insulation. In contrast, the temperate climate of Hawaii can be ideal for diving all year round.

Now that merely all tips and options are laid, it’s time to check your directory and find the best choice for commercial diving services and start exploring the vast and rich world the underwater can offer.

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3 Ways to Give Back to Those in Need

DonationGiving back to those who are in need is one of the ideal ways for you to share whatever it is that you have. Whether it’s your time, money, talents, or resources, it’s better to give back every now and then instead of just focusing on your personal needs all the time. There’s a sense of fulfillment like no other once you see how your actions affect other people in a positive way. If you want to be a vessel of blessings for other people, here are some things you can do:

Join a Food Drive

You can easily find a food drive in your community especially during the holiday season. This is a great option because the tasks are easy and you get to help provide one basic need of people, which is food. You can either transport or repack donated goods at food banks or cook, serve, or clean-up dishes. Try inviting your friends to join you to keep the volunteering spirit alive.

Share Your Talents

You can make use of your talents in many different ways to give back to others. For example, you can visit a senior centre during a special occasion to present a song or dance number. You can also volunteer at a school to tutor young students, offer to teach your specialized skill, or extend your help in an outreach program.

If you’re on the lookout for a next volunteer opportunity, SAF Volunteer Corps noted that could try your skills in military. Not all careers in the military require you to be physically fit; you can contribute your knowledge in a specific field as well.

Start a Collection Jar

You can also go around your neighbourhood with a collection jar to ask people to donate whatever amount they can for a cause you believe in or that’s currently relevant to the community. This is very easy to do. You just have to spend a few hours and you can contribute to something big with the help of many people.

These are only some of the things you can do for to give back. There’s always someone who needs your helping hand, so take time to offer them.

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How Aging Parents Can Enjoy in an Independent Living Facility

Aging ParentsVarious reasons lead to seniors joining independent living institutions – from changes in health and the need to rid off the caregiving burden from loved ones to the need to have peace of mind that you will get proper care compel seniors to join assisted living centers. What’s more, as seniors advance in years, there is need to interact with people in similar stages in life.

As such, an independent living institution has to create a fun and welcoming environment for the elderly to socially interact. According to Legacy Retirement, social interaction among the seniors not only reduces the risk of developing depression but also helps sharpen their minds. In our discussion, we will look at ways seniors can stay socially active in independent living institutions.

  • Dancing

It remains the number one social activity in most senior communities. Dancing allows seniors to interact socially, have fun while staying fit. Dances like swing dancing, line dancing, and ballroom dancing are the most popular in assisted living communities.

  • Fitness classes

Fitness classes for residents have become exciting today. Apart from the usual morning stretch, several independent living institutions have incorporated Yoga and Zumba in seniors’ fitness classes. The idea is to help residents enjoy exercise without feeling like it’s such a chore.

  • Gardening

Seniors who enjoy gardening may take to the activity when living in an assisted living institution. Container gardening is much more exciting as residents can perform it indoors or outdoors during summer and winter. Residents may request the establishment’s kitchen to include their produce on the menu.

  • Playing video games

Studies show that video gaming developers don’t target kids alone; they also target adults. As such, seniors can also enjoy playing PC games as they have now evolved into social networks where people can interact. And with the development of PC games, you don’t have to purchase a separate gaming system but pay a monthly subscription fee.

Clearly, there is an endless list of social activities seniors can enjoy in an independent living facility. Seniors only have to identify the activity they enjoy doing.

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Four Ingredients to Include in Your Chicken Feed to Produce Delicious Eggs

Chicken EggsGetting the best eggs on your table could be attributed to one key factor: using the right chicken feed. With the right mix of ingredients, your chook can produce eggs with great taste, colour and quality.

Chicken eggs are a staple in most diets. They are versatile and accessible. Aside from the breed type and how the chickens are raised, using the right blend could determine the outcome of the eggs.

For chooks to produce great tasting eggs with healthy yellow yolks and consistent whites, consider certain factors when purchasing their chow.

Plenty of Protein

Chickens are omnivores, which means they eat both animal and plant base food. Give them the right amount of protein they need for their own bodily needs. There should be enough protein for their egg production. On average, Livestrong.com says eggs are composed of six grams of protein; three grams go to the yolk and the remaining on the white part.

Ingredients like worms and bugs are the ideal sources. You can also use fish meat. Takaninifeeds.co.nz mentions soya meal as another source of protein, especially for hens.

Mix in the Greens

Aside from protein, eggs are also composed of nutrients, which could be incorporated by including vegetables in the feed. The mix could include lettuce, kale or any kitchen vegetable leftovers.

Easy on the Carbs

To give the eggs its richness, add carb sources like dried corn to the feed. However, carbs tend to make the chicken eat less of the food that matters, like the protein sources and greens, so keep this in moderation.


Even if chickens receive the most appetising feeds, they may not eat as much if it's not served with fresh water. Hens that are about to lay eggs tend to drink plenty of water to help with the process.

Each farmer has their own mix of feed for their chook. To get the best eggs served in your kitchen, be mindful of what you feed your chickens.

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When a Fire Alarm Blares, It’s Time to RUN Slowly and Carefully

Fire Alarm SystemFire alarms are among the most crucial safety measures a home or any establishment can have.

According to Alarm-One Security Systems, compared to any other safety installations, fire alarms are the fastest to detect any incoming danger. Whenever you think of an alarm shooting off, it’s always “fire” in the minds of the people.

But, with the many manufacturers of fire alarms today, it’s very risky to just choose any fire alarm you find. Because the only time you’ll know it works for sure is the time when accidents happen – and that’s not a good thing.

For your safety and peace of mind, below is a list of fire statistics, causes of failed alarms, and preventive measures you can enforce now.

Effectiveness of Smoke or Fire Alarms

Based on the recently tabulated data from the National fire Protection Association (NFPA), about 96% of households already have at least one smoke alarm. In effect, it’s been clearly observed that smoke alarms cut the risk of fatalities in reported home fires by half. Those who don’t have a smoke alarm yet constituted 38% of home fire deaths nationwide.

Common Fire Causes

In any household, cooking or the cases of exposed burners are the leading cause of home fires and injuries. The unfortunate individuals who manage to hide and escape from the actual fire die by suffocation due to smoke inhalation. HVAC and other electrical failures are the secondary causes of residential fires.

The Reality of Failed Alarms

Despite the unique technology found in most modern fire and smoke detection systems, many families still experience losing their homes. Furthermore, according to the data gathered by the NFPA, home alarm failures originate from the following improper use:

  • Wrong installation or placement
  • Defective unit
  • Lack of maintenance
  • Power failure for hardwired systems
  • Unknown reasons
  • Dead or discharged units
  • Missing or disconnected batteries

When looking at home safety, it’s important to consider both the internal and external factors. In the case of home fires, a simple checkup or testing of the fire alarm system can go a long way.

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3 Ways to Successfully Train Your Animals

Effective Animal TrainingAnimals can only be trained to do what they are physically capable of doing. In order to train your animal, you need to know its behavior and its capabilities. Animal behaviors are usually simple survival adaptations. Some behaviors such as eating and escaping predators are the obvious survival strategies for many animals. When you are training animals, they need special equipment for training and handling them. To get the best animal training and care equipment, you can visit notable stores for high-quality wild rags in fabrics like silk, and certified training equipment.

Here are some basic animal training tips. 

Animal operant conditioning

Animal operant conditioning is the basis of any animal training. Operant conditioning is a type of learning in which the strength of a behavior is modified. The animal learns from its behavior as it acts them on the environment where it is. The likelihood of a behavior is decreased or increased by the consequences that flow. When an animal performs a particular behavior that produces a favorable consequence, it’s likely to repeat it more often.

Positive reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is important because it reinforces or strengthens a particular behavior. When a positive stimulus immediately follows a behavior, there are high chances that the behavior will be repeated in the near future. Food is the most common form of positive reinforcement in animal training. If a certain behavior allows an animal to get food faster, it will repeat that behavior the next time it is hungry. Reinforcements should be done at fixed intervals and ratios.

Behavior extinction

If a behavior is not strengthened, with time it decreases and eventually it is extinguished. The extinction technique is used to eliminate undesirable behaviors in animals. When using the extinction technique, it is important to identify what stimulus is reinforcing for an animal in order not to use them for undesirable characters.

Animals are different species with people and as such they have their own special needs. Therefore, some animal training will help you to communicate easily with them.

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A Guide to the American Petroleum Institute’s 650 and 620 Tank Standards

Storage TanksThe American Petroleum Institute is one of the most respected names in the manufacture of equipment for oil and natural gas industry. For decades, they played a key role in the development of various types of tanks and similar equipment.

Other than being a reputable equipment development company, API also sets standards in the industry. Working with some of the biggest names in the biz, API maintains an inventory of more than 600 standards and recommended practices.

Industrial Tank Standards

The association imposes strict standards in the design, fabrication, and erection of above ground steel storage tanks for industrial use.

API 650

API 650 is one of the standards that are most commonly used by storage tank manufacturers. API 650 tanks are commonly used for storing oil, gasoline, chemical, and produced water. They are commonly seen in production facilities and refineries.

The API 650 standard encompasses a wide range of topics: from tank design, process, welding, and installation to inspection, maintenance, and repair. For the prescribed configuration, the tank must have a ground-supported bottom. It can either be open or closed roof. Materials used for 650 tanks include carbon steel, austenitic stainless steel, duplex stainless steel, and aluminum.

API 620

API 620 is the standard that covers the construction and design of large welded steel tanks. These low pressure tanks operate at 250 degrees Fahrenheit or less. They are used to contain products requiring high internal pressure. LNG and cryogenic tanks are good examples.

When it comes to configuration, API 620 tanks have single, centered, vertical axis of revolution. They are commonly made from carbon steel, austenitic stainless steel, and nickel alloys.

These are only two of the sets of specifications established by API in the manufacture and installation of storage tanks.

With the standards set by the American Petroleum Institute, industries using storage tanks can ensure the best design and installation of such equipment. By adhering to their specifications, tank manufacturers and service providers can effectively partner with businesses that rely on this storage equipment.

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Workplace Matters: What Can You Get from an Office Renovation?

Office RenovationYou’re thinking of ways to improve your business, including promotional strategies and techniques that could sustain your company, but do they truly help? While they’re beneficial at some point, there are aspects that you likewise need to pay attention.

For instance, have you thought of consulting experts who do office renovations? The Caretakers and other commercial fit-out contractors noted that maybe all you need is a change of environment. Here are some reasons you should consider having an office renovation:

  • Your employees will have a better experience.

The physical appearance of an office does help improve work performance. The space, colour and design can affect the way employees feel, think and do their jobs. If they become more comfortable with their workstations, they will have more energy and inspiration to do their tasks.

  • You get to create a stronger image for your company.

Improved workspace layouts can reduce employee turnover. As your employees become happier and more comfortable at work, they will think less about leaving. Include at least a representative when planning the renovation, so you can listen to the opinions of your employees.

  • You get to attract new clients and employees.

Happy employees plus a stronger company image equals new clients. And yes, you can attract new employees as well. Like how clients view your office upon entering, applicants look into the environment they’re about to work in before finally accepting the job.

There are many things you can do for your office. To have easier access to your needs, you may choose to have a larger meeting room and a more spacious pantry. Whatever your idea is, office renovations can lead to improvements in your workplace and work experience. With proper planning and an effective renovation team, your office transformation will surely be a success.

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The Fogged Up Reality of Insulated Glass and Ways to Turn it Around

Insulated Glass in IndianapolisNo, glass doesn’t come from water, and it’s not a solid material either.

If you look closely at one of its edges, you’ll notice that it’s actually sand. Ever since its discovery and mass production, glass made it possible for people to build homes and objects that are both private and transparent.

In fact, with the many variations of this material, it’s difficult to find a place without glasses today. According to Suburban Glass Service, Inc., an Indianapolis-based window service provider, there are also varieties of glass like insulated glass units (IGUs) that can act as a wall.

The G Factor in IGUs

Insulated glass consists of two glass panes separated by a space filled with dehydrated air or special gas.

The area surrounding the glass makes it possible to completely shut off air from either side of the wall; thus, preserving the temperature of both the inside and outside of any building structure. But, one of the toughest challenges of using an insulated glass unit is the occurrence of fogging or clouding over time. When enough moisture accumulates inside the gap, the foggy appearance sets in.

Clearing up IGUs from the Inside Out

It’s no surprise that IGUs cost way more than a regular glass pane. When it comes to broken glass, leaks, clouds, and fogs, it still costs way beyond your average repair.

But, unlike regular glass panes which can often get resolved by simple do-it-yourself remedies, an IGU requires professional care every time. If you happen to notice the following in your IGU units, as a rule of thumb, call your window service provider.

  • Mold
  • Mildews
  • Patches
  • Any sign of condensation
What You Can Do

To help lessen your burden and costs, you can single out IGUs that are causing trouble by disassembling them before the moisture develops in other areas. Depending on the damage, your windows service provider may repair your unit or ask you to replace a specific glass pane.

Glass may appear as fragile materials. But, same as how everything goes, there’s always strength in numbers.

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English Only, Please? Thailand and the Struggle with English

 English TeacherAn English teacher in Thailand recently wrote of his experience teaching in one of the government’s secondary schools. In a guest post on a website for English teachers in Thailand, Tony Mitchell expressed his concern on the country’s struggle with using English as a medium of instruction.

While the awareness is overflowing, it still begs the question: with all the available resources and extra effort, why is Thailand still so far down the ladder?

The Bangkok Post readers also expressed opinions similar to Mitchell’s sentiments. The country’s English barrier prevents them from actively competing in the ASEAN community, which uses English as the official medium.

Thailand offers a lot of potential in global competitiveness. But lagging behind in English will keep them from achieving this advantage. For GeoVisions.org, an organization of English tutors abroad, it’s important to address the issue now before it’s too late.

A Flawed System?

According to Mitchell, Thai teachers do not teach their students the language. He believes that the government-funded education system in Thailand focuses too much on the teachers and encourages students to just copy information from blackboards or handouts.

Some teachers do not question the system and simply go with the flow. As a result, when students take tests, they answer what they can remember, not what they know. Since there seems to be no difference between these two, the same concept applies in learning English.

Wanted: More English Teachers

A number of studies suggest that English proficiency is the key to a stronger economy. A research commissioned by the British Council reported that developing nations with modern English competency attracts more investments from the US and the UK. Since Thailand has the potential, it’s hard to let these go to waste because of a language barrier.

Fortunately, English teachers from other countries are available to assist. While depending on native teachers is important, having additional reinforcements offers more resources to stabilize the learning system.

Qualified English teachers make a direct contribution to a country’s economy. By helping students perfect the language, they equip them for global competitiveness. At the same time, they also pave the way for more foreign investments.

Thailand has yet to learn more when it comes to the English language. Mitchell hopes that the government will nurture young talent to give the country the global edge it needs.

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